Liu Xia (刘霞)
February 28, 2017 Comments Off on Liu Xia (刘霞)
Liu Xia 刘霞
*Under medical watch
Length of Punishment: N/A
Trial Date: N/A
Sentencing Date: N/A
Dates of Detention/Arrest: October 11, 2010 (house arrest)
Date of Birth: April 1, 1961
Medical condition(s): Unknown heart condition, depression
Place of Incarceration: Home
Liu Xia (刘霞), activist, poet and wife of Nobel Peace Prize winner Liu Xiaobo, lived under police surveillance since her husband’s arrest in December 2008. Following the announcement that Liu Xiaobo had been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on October 8, 2010, police began to hold her under extralegal house arrest starting on October 11, cutting off her freedom of movement and expression. She could only go out under escort by national security officers, and such trips are severely restricted to monthly monitored visits with her husband, weekly visits to her parents, and any occasional shopping trip. She is prohibited from seeing friends in “sensitive circles” and her telephone and Internet communications have been shut off.
In May 2011, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD) found the house arrest of Liu Xia to be arbitrary and called on China to remove the restrictions on her movement and communications, but Chinese authorities refuse to free her.
In 2012, two of Liu Xia’s friends went to her apartment building to try to visit her, but were told by a guard, citing “leaders’ orders,” that they could not see her. However, in December of that year, a group of journalists and activists managed on two occasions to evade the guards, who reportedly sleep in cots outside her door, to briefly visit with her. On December 6, 2012, two Associated Press journalists conducted the first interview with Liu since her house arrest began. She reportedly was shocked to receive visitors and described her house arrest as “absurd.” She also reportedly said authorities cut off her visits with her husband in prison for over a year after the Nobel Prize announcement. On December 28, 2012, five human rights activists evaded guards to briefly visit her, including Hu Jia, who recorded the visit and put it online. She was allowed to make her first public appearance in April 2013 at her brother’s trial, where she reportedly shouted “I’m not free” to journalists. Her brother was sentenced to 11 years in prison and then paroled, in a case seen as an attempt to further pressure and punish Liu Xia and her family; authorities have reportedly warned her that he will be sent back to prison if she speaks with activists, diplomats or journalists. In February 2014, a rare video was released of Liu Xia reading poems.
In early February 2014, police accompanied Liu Xia to a Beijing hospital because of symptoms of heart disease—reportedly diagnosed by doctors as a heart attack—and also a throat inflammation. The hospital stopped tests after just one day and sent her home, according to lawyer Mo Shaoping. Initially, doctors said she would be admitted for two weeks for comprehensive tests. On February 18, Liu Xia was hospitalized for the second time to undergo tests and treatment for a heart condition. Additionally, Liu Xia has mentioned to her lawyer severe depression brought on by isolation and restrictions, but she did not want to see a psychologist, fearing that authorities may send her to a psychiatric hospital against her will. Police have warned her family not to speak publically about her health, and reportedly have refused to allow Liu to travel overseas for medical treatment.